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Help:Japanese Terminology

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This is a glossary of Japanese romaji terms used in the Gintama 銀魂 Wikia only.


Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

B

Bakufu

幕府

This refers to the ruling Shogunate. In Gintama world, this would refer to the Tokugawa shogunate, currently led by Tokugawa Shige Shige 徳川 茂茂. In the real world, the Tokugawa Shogunate come to an end in 1868 after ruling for more than 200 years. Pronunciation is similar to bark-foo.

Boke

ボケ

This refers to the funny man or idiot in a comedic skit, typically with another partner delivering the penetrating riposte in the role of the tsukkomi.


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C

Chibi

禿び or チビ

This refers to smaller and/or cuter versions of the manga/anime characters, typically with over-sized heads.

Chinpira

チンピラ

Variously used to mean hoodlum, small-time yakuza, hooligan or punk.


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D

Daimyo

大名 (だいみょう)

Refers to a Japanese feudal lord in ancient times.

Dojo

See Doujou.

Doujou

道場

Refers to a column-free hall used for martial arts or sword-skill training. The English language has assimilated this phrase as dojo.


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G

Genjina

源氏名

Professional name adopted by hostesses and geisha.


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H

Haiyuu

俳優

Actor (male), though increasingly being used to refer to actresses as well.

Haori

羽織

It is a hip- or thigh-length kimono jacket which adds formality. Haori were originally reserved for men, until fashions changed at the end of the Meiji period. They are now worn by both men and women, though women's kimono jackets tend to be longer.

Hikikomori

引きこもり

Refers to a person who withdraws from society, shunning people in general. Often used to refer to jobless otakus who stay at home all day indulging in their ACG(anime, comics, games) hobby.

Hitaikakushi

額隠

It is a white piece of triangular paper or cloth worn on the head by Yūrei in Japanese folklore.


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J

Joyuu

女優

Actress. Cannot be used to refer to male actors.


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K

Katana

Single-edged sword used by Japanese swordsmen for combat, usually 60cm in length or more and technically called 大刀 daitou aka Big Sword. The names given to the swords typically follow the family name of the swordsmith or family of swordsmiths who made the particular series of swords. Note that katanas are always carried by the user with the cutting-edge facing up, as opposed to its predecessor, tachi, which is carried with the cutting-edge facing down. See Wikipedia Link for more details.

Kiseru

キセル

A thin tobacco pipe, commonly found before cigarettes are mass-produced in Japan, and they frequently serve as a symbol of the owner's social standing due to the precious metals encapping the ends of the pipes. Some of the metals used include gold, silver, bronze, iron, etc. For more details, refer to Wikipedia Link, full details in Japanese version.


Konbini

コンビニ or コンベニ for short, コンビニエンスストア kon-bi-ni-en-su su-to-a in full

Convenience store.

Kunai

苦無 or くない

A metal leaf-shaped blade and a handle with a ring on the pommel for attaching a rope. It is a multi-functional weapon commonly associated with ninjas. For more details, refer to Wikipedia and Wikipedia Japanese Link.


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M

Mangaka

漫画家 or マンガ家

This refers to the comics author or artist, manga is the romaji for Japanese comics, ka referring to author/artist.

Miko

巫女 or 神子

Refers to the different kinds of women helpers, not just mediums or shrine maidens (who have the sacred function of conveying the gods' words through oracles), designated to serve specific deities at shrines during the Yamato period, now commonly seen conducting other religious rituals (including classical religious dance routines) and weddings as well. It is one of the jobs in Japan that falls outside the purview of the 'Gender Equality In Employment Act' (男女雇用機会均等法 danjo koyou kikai kintou hou). Only 巫女 can be read as fujo.


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O

Okama

御釜 or オカマ

A derogatory term that refers to male homosexuals, effeminate men or transvestites.

Otaku

オタク

Refers to a geek, nerd or increasingly more common, ACG (anime, comics, games) enthusiast.


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R

Romaji

羅馬字 or ローマ字

This refers to the romanised spelling of Japanese Kanji or Kana characters used primarily in, though not limited to, the English Language.


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S

Seiyuu

声優

Voice-actor (genderless). See also 俳優 haiyuu, 女優 joyuu.

Seppuku

切腹

This refers to the ritual of self-disembowelment as a form of punishment meted out by superiors to subordinates.

Shogun

See Shougun.

Shougun

将軍 (しょうぐん)

Literally means a 'General', a Shougun usually has his own army, presiding over his own fiefdom. The English language has assimilated this phrase as shogun.


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T

Tamagokakegohan

卵かけご飯

Also known as Tamago gohan, this is a common Japanese breakfast meal consisting of boiled rice topped or mixed with raw egg and soy sauce.

Tankoubon

単行本

Refers to a single-volume publication that can be a one-off publication or separate volumes in a series, typically by the same author. For Gintama 銀魂 in particular, each tankoubon published by Jump comics is typically released only after a number of manga chapters have been serialised in the Weekly Shounen Jump (hereafter referred to as WJ). However, tankoubon contents may not be exactly identical to the WJ, as there may be some minor re-draws/re-annotation or touching up of the artwork prior to publication. For more details on this type of literature, refer to Wikipedia Link.

Tsukkomi

ツッコミ

This refers to the straight man's role in a comedic skit, typically with another partner playing the boke role.


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Y

Yakuza

やくざ or ヤクザ

Commonly used to refer to the Japanese mafia members or groups, though it can refer to professional gambler or being good-for-nothing. Pronunciation is similar to ya-ku-za.


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