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Bakufu, or Shogunate (将軍職), is the central government in Japan. Originally the national military force under the control of the Japanese Emperor, they, lead by the Shogun, ended up gradually ruling the entire country starting from the late 12th century. In the Gintama universe, the shogunate becomes a recurring influence to the many characters in the series.


Shogun is the abbreviation of the title "Seii Taishougun", (征夷大将軍, Barbarian Subduing Generalissimo). Being the highest ranking military leader in Japan appointed by the emperor, they ultimately became a military dictator controlling almost everything, including the emperor. There existed three shogunate dynasties from the 12th century until the present. The setting of Gintama takes place during the "relative" last years of the third dynasty, the Tokugawa Shogunate. The Tokugawa Shogunate ruled for over 200 years and were responsible for closing the borders of Japan from the Earth foreigners.

12th Shogun

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12th Shogun

13th Shogun

Sada sada mug
Tokugawa Sada Sada
徳川 定々

14th Shogun

Tokugawa-shigeshige mug
Tokugawa Shige Shige
徳川 茂々

15th Shogun

Tokugawa Nobu Nobu
徳川 喜々

Twenty years before the present, the Amanto arrived in Japan and demanded that the country opened its borders to them. The government realized they stood no chance against the aliens' advanced technology and the 12th shogun falls ill due to anxiety. Sada Sada takes over, becoming the new shogun and allowing the Amanto to enter the country. This causes dissent from some of the people, including some samurai, who believed the government to be traitors. The dissension sparked a 10 year long civil war called the Joui Wars, which ironically allowed more Amanto to be involved in the humans' affairs. The bakufu, with the help of some of the Amanto, were able to defeat the Joui, but this didn't wipe the rebels out and the survivors went underground for the next ten years.

Political Party

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Hitotsubashi Nobu Nobu Faction
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The Hawk Clan


Tokugawa Sada Sada laws:

  • Kansei Purge - Hunt down Jouishishi and related personnel.
  • Samurai are banned from carrying swords. This new law has made society look down on Samurai.

Tokugawa Shige Shige Laws:

  • Reform the barbershops

Police Force

The police force is over seen by Matsudaira Katakuriko.


Matsudaira mug
Matsudaira Katakuriko
松平 片栗虎

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Kozenigata-heiji mug
Kozenigata Heiji
小銭形 平次

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Haji mug

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| TB5=

Tatsugorou mug
Terada Tatsugorou
寺田 辰五郎

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Banzou mug

Special Military Police Force

The special military police force usally tasked to hunt down Jouishishi, with the success of Shinsengumi consisting of Ronin. The Bakufu wanted to create their own version of the Shinsengumi but only with higher-ranking samurai and retainers who served feudal lords and this created the Mimawarigumi.

Shinsengumi group
Shinsengumi (formerly)

Immigration Department

Hasegawa Taizou used to be the Bakufu's Head of Immigration Department, assigned with a special duty to protect Amanto Prince Hata. However, instead of protecting, he punched the Prince instead, thereby failing his duty, and was ordered by his superiors to undergo 切腹 seppuku.

Hasegawa-taizou mug
Hasegawa Taizou
長谷川 泰三


Currently the Oniwabanshuu ( お庭番衆 ) has been disbanded due to Jiraia's failed assassination to the former 13th Shogun Tokugawa Sada Sada. According to Zenzou, many members of Oniwabanshuu were killed by Jiraia.
Currently the Oniwabanshuu has been disbanded in order to switch services to Naruku, this was only done to strengthening the bond with Tendoshu and the Bakufu.

They were created to assist the Shogun and Bakufu for espionage and assasinations, there were four people revealed in Gintama that were part of Oniwabanshuu.

The only current known members of the Oniwabanshuu to survive are Sarutobi Ayame and Hattori Zenzou.

Zenzou-father mug
Zenzou's Father
Jiraia mug
Hattori-zenzou mug
Hattori Zenzou
服部 全蔵
Sarutobi-ayame mug
Sarutobi Ayame
猿飛 あやめ


  • In the real world, the Tokugawa Shogunate come to an end in 1868 after ruling for more than 200 years.

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